Sports have been a part of human culture for millennia. For many, sports can play an important role in defining their identities. In the past, sports were used to establish national identities.
In the 20th century, sports played an increasingly significant role in fostering international social movements. The sport of rugby was a source of inspiration for many post-colonial societies. Athletes and their coaches played a critical role in advancing a variety of causes.
Some argue that sports are a form of cosmopolitanism. They are a way to bring people from different cultures together, and introduce them to other communities. These processes may have unintended consequences.
One example is the development of the modern sports industry. This market was driven by the emergence of new technological innovations. Modern technology allowed for images to travel faster and money to travel easier.
Another important aspect of global sports is labour migration. Migrants come from a wide range of professions. Players, trainers, coaches, officials and administrators are all involved.
The “feeling rules” in sports guide athletes in managing their emotions. These emotions may be orchestrated or they can occur spontaneously.
Emotions in sports may also be triggered by anthems, celebrations and other rituals. Athletes and their supporters often feel a sense of unity and solidarity. Fans may be overcome with a sense of despair when their favorite player is injured or suffers a defeat.
Some have argued that modern sports have been marketed as signs of power. Others have noted that they are in fact a reflection of national identity.