The Basics of Football


Football is a sport where teams consist of 11 players. The field is 120 yards long and the goal is to score more points than your opponent in a 90-minute game.

In the game of football, each team tries to move the ball into their opponents’ end zone by passing or running it. If the team fails to do so after four attempts, they have a choice of punting it (kick it away) or giving it to another team.

There are several different ways to get the ball into the end zone, such as carrying it or throwing it to a receiver who catches it in the end zone. A touchdown is the most common way to score in a game of football, and is worth six points.

After a touchdown, the offense may attempt to score again immediately by kicking a field goal or by attempting to run the ball into the end zone again for two more points. These are called conversions and are similar to a point after touchdown (PAT).

When a forward pass is caught by an opposing player, it is known as an interception or fumble. If a fumble occurs, the ball must be recovered by any player on the field.

The ball may also be fumbled when the ball carrier or passer drops it before being tackled. A defender can recover the ball by diving on it or by running with it.

Occasionally, a penalty is called or the ball is flagged. These penalties often cause the offensive team to lose yardage and/or change their formation or position. Penalties are a part of the game of football, and referees call them to keep both sides from getting ahead too quickly.