The Basic Rules of Football


Football is a sport in which teams compete to move a round ball down the field with their players using their feet and hands. The game can be played with a variety of different rules, but it always involves kicking the ball to score points.

The basic rules of football are outlined below:

Soccer (Association, American and Canadian)
In the UK, the term “football” usually refers to association football, which is a team sport that is played on a rectangular field and involves a spherical or ellipsoidal ball. It is played by 11 players with the goal of kicking the ball into the opponent’s goal area.

The game is timed and the team with the most points at the end of each quarter wins. Each team has a certain number of possessions during a game and each offensive team must move the ball 10 yards down the field within four downs to keep possession.


After a touchdown, the team gets an additional opportunity to score. They may kick the ball through the goal posts or they can take it into the opponents’ end zone again, which is called a two-point conversion.

Extra point:

A team that is up by six points after scoring a touchdown can earn one point or a two-point conversion. They can also receive a pass from the opposing team that is completed and ends up in their own end zone.


A fumble happens when an offensive player holding the ball drops it before the play is called dead. The fumble can be recovered by a defender on the other team.